The social and economic impacts of gold mining 70 % of total expenditures by gold mining companies are on payments to suppliers, contractors and employees. One of the objectives of transparency initiatives such as the EITI is to reduce corruption risk, a significant factor in the misuse of revenues from extractive industries.
3.6 Women's participation in the political process and the commitment to address the imbalances 34 33 4.0 Factors Hindering Effective Political Governance 23 4.1 Overview 37 36 4.2 Lack of Development and Economic stresses on citizens 38 4.3 Lack of sound choices and policy decisions 41 40
The paper argues that the net impact of mining on economic development is likely to be enhanced with appropriate reforms in governance. Most importantly, there should be a greater awareness of incentive problems at the political level and their possible implications for
Mineral exploration and development are investigative activities prior to mining. The rewards of successful exploration and development can be large, if a mineral deposit is discovered, evaluated, and developed into a mine. For a mining company, successful exploration and development lead to increased profits. For a local community or nation,
Course summary Natural Resources for Sustainable Development: The Fundamentals of Oil, Gas, and Mining Governance, a joint course by the Natural Resource Governance Institute, the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment and the World Bank, gives students an understanding of the key challenges and opportunities that come with managing
Mining in Tanzania started as far back as the pre-colonial era. The performance of the industry over the years has been determined by various political, social and economic ideologies and policies that characterised different phases, namely: colonial governance, African Socialism, state control and, most recently, pro-foreign investment policies.
energy crises, which have threatened the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development reaffirmed the political commitments of the international community to pursue sustainable development, under the principles of Agenda 21, including the principle of common but differentiated
In Thandi Dlamini's report on mining in South Africa she writes how more than twenty years after democracy women make up only 11% of the operational mining workforce in South Africa. Before 1994, underground work was exclusively for males. This report assesses the possible side effects of the mining industry's apparent new found enthusiasm
1-6-2014Economic growth and political stability are deeply interconnected. On the one hand, the uncertainty associated with an unstable political environment may reduce investment and the pace of economic development. On the other hand, poor economic performance may lead to government collapse and political unrest.
8-5-2017This paper examines how economic and political factors have influenced mineral extraction, governance and development in Peru since the late 19th century. It argues that the legacies of the past have weighed heavily in contemporary mining governance, but also points to moments in which shifting
A concentrated mining sector. Four big mines and several important smaller operations make up Zambia's copper-mining landscape. Share on Facebook. Tweet on Twitter. F our big mines dominate Zambia's copper production, complemented by several smaller players who also play an important role.
14-2-2017Mining for Sustainable Development: Combatting corruption in mining approvals. Filed under - Mining. What's at stake? Transparent and accountable mining can contribute to sustainable development. This begins with corruption-free approvals – the very first link in the mining value chain.
contested. Mineral development may require entry into relatively undisturbed ecosystems, placing mining operations on a collision course with traditional and subsistence communities, and with media-savvy public interest campaigners2. A 2001 survey of the mining industry sought to
Political settlements, the mining industry and corporate social responsibility in developing countries Tomas Frederiksen University of Manchester, Global Development Institute, 1.007 Arthur Lewis Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom ARTICLE INFO Keywords: Corporate social responsibility Political settlements Mining Zambia
PDF | Within the past few decades, Ghana's mining sector specifically the small scale mining subsector has been marred by controversies mainly due to its threat to sustainable development. This paper provides some insights into the inextricable linkage between sustainable
In 2003, at the International Association of Labour Inspectors annual meeting in Toronto, a tripartite panel identified three key factors in improved mining safety in Ontario and lower rates of lost-time injuries: improved technology, mandatory training and the development of tripartite mechanisms, such as the Mining Legislative Review
PEA in the mining/extractives sector. Claire Mcloughlin . 26.11.2013 . Question . What is the relevance of political economy analysis (PEA) to mining/extractives interventions? How and why has political economy analysis (PEA) been applied in this sector? What tools or guidance are available for conducting PEA in this sector? Contents . 1.
The report found that the mining and minerals industry has made major advances towards sustainability but the sector faces new challenges, as governments in the global South reassert control over their natural resources, while at the same time lacking the capacity to ensure mining can contribute to sustainable development.
This type of mining is particularly damaging to the environment because strategic minerals are often only available in small concentrations, which increases the amount of ore needed to be mined. Environmental hazards are present during every step of the open-pit mining process. Hardrock mining exposes rock that has lain unexposed for geological
Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or feasibly created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water. Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre
What is 'Development'? 13 Hickey and Mohan (2003) take the view that the pressure on international devel-opment research to be relevant has undermined this older established deﬁ nition in favour of a more instrumental one (a fuller discussion of this issue appears in Chapter 2).
When the political situation of a state or region is not certain because it has a high possibility of changing or getting disturbed, then we say there is political instability in that state or region. It is common knowledge that political instability retards the development and progress of a country.
Mining consists of blowing up the sides of mountains, which disrupt ecosystems and the scenery. Producing a single gold ring generates 20 tons of mine waste! Many acres of forestry are also destroyed. Mining can create dangerous situations for workers. (Entrapment, harmful gases, caving in, etc.) Mining is non renewable.
BSR | Adapting to Climate Change: A Guide for the Mining Industry 4 5. MORE PRESSURE POINTS WITH COMMUNITY RELATIONS Mining companies often operate in areas with marginal physical environments, high poverty, and significant social, political, and
invested for all the phases of a mining operation, including exploration, development, production and closure of the mine. Further, the current political tax policy and the tax regime trend for mining operations is a dimension that may be hard to quantify, but is
1-1-2019The extraction of non-renewable natural resources in the form of large-scale mining projects has intensified in recent years in Latin America. In fact, the World Bank and other international financial institutions have continued to encourage countries to commit to extractive industry growth as a development strategy (Campbell 2008).
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